Civil law refers to the area of laws, which through incorporation, take on the legal status of individuals. Civil law courts provide a forum for deciding disputes involving torts (such as accidents, negligence, and libel),and any other private matters that involve private parties and organizations including government departments.
The Civil Court handles the following situations:
Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. It is law prohibiting conduct that disrupts social order or challenge's the authority of the state, and consequently deals with matters of significant public concern. In contrast with civil law, actions are pursued by the state rather than private citizens. Criminal law has been seen as a system of regulating the behavior of individuals and groups in relation to societal norms whereas civil law is aimed primarily at the relationship between private individuals and their rights and obligations under the law.
There are five main goals of criminal justice: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation and restitution. Jurisdictions differ on the value to be placed on each, if any at all.
The Criminal Court handles the following situations:
The Domestic Court handles the following situations: